LEADER CONSULTING REMINDS:

THE TIME FOR SOWING CATCH CROPS HAS COME

After harvesting cereal and other winter or early spring crops, rather than letting the land evaporate inefficiently until spring and multiply weedy vegetation, erode and sputter, we can insert a wide range of catch crops into the rotation regardless of the technologies we apply.

Sowing catch crops not only reduces soil erosion and nutrient leaching into groundwater and surface water, but also improves soil structure, supplies nutrients to the soil and supports biological activity in the soil. This in turn leads to increased yields of the main crops.

 

The creation of artificial meadows and pastures by sowing suitable grasses or grass mixtures is resorted to when the main objective is to improve low-productive natural meadows and pastures, to create grass fields in forage and specialised field rotations, to grass wasteland and to reclaim areas used for industrial purposes.

Artificial meadows and pastures exceed low-productive natural meadows and pastures by a factor of 3 to 10 in terms of yields of green mass, feed units and digestible protein. At the same time, they are distinguished from other forages by the significantly lower cost of the resulting production.

 

The care of spring oilseed rape does not differ from that of winter oilseed rape, but in this case development takes place over a short period of time, which is limiting for yield potential, and generative plants are formed at quite high temperatures, so sowing must be timely, observations must be frequent and effective pest control must be carried out.

Soil tillage: Canola requires a fine crumbly soil bed and all efforts are directed towards this. After winter, the soils in our area are usually in optimum condition. Spring pre-sowing tillage should not be on wet soil to prevent the seedbed from becoming compacted, and should be carried out when the soil is sufficiently dry and immediately before sowing.